The word Navarathri means nine nights. We celebrate Navarathri five times during the year-  Vasantha navarathri, Ashad navarathri, Sharadh navarathri, Paush navarathri and Magha navarathri.  Sharadh navarathri is the most important navarathri and is called as the Maha navarathri. It is celebrated for 9 nights and 10 days during the tamil month Purattasi. During these nine nights and ten days we offer prayers to the three main Goddess- Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswathy. The first three days is for Goddess of power – Durga. The second three days for Goddess of wealth- Lakshmi and the last three days for Goddess of knowledge – Saraswathy.  The main aspect of Navarathri is kolu where the dolls are arranged in a series of steps. The dolls are arranged on Ammavasya- no moon day. The pooja starts from the very next day and the final day is celebrated as Vijayadasami.



Once there lived a demon Mahishasuran. He performed tough penance and obtained the boon that he can be killed only by a virgin.  After having the boon he conquered all the three worlds. He also started to  harass the Devas and humans. So everyone went to the God to save them from the demon. In order to eradicate him and to save the Devas and Humans, the Divine mother was born.  She did penance for nine days and nine nights and obtained power from mum moorthigal – Brahma, Vishnu and Shivan. On the tenth day she was empowered as Devi Durga and destroyed the Demon. So the day is celebrated as Vijayadasami. The nine nights prior to Vijayadasami is called as Navarathri.


 Navarathri in my home  

Navarathri celebration in my house starts with my Dad buying dolls every year. Every year we will buy something new in my home. A week before Navarathri, we will start making arrangements to set up the dolls in order. The first and foremost thing is to set the steps.The dolls are placed on those steps. Then we will decorate the room with paper flowers and hanging festoons. Its always fun to unwrap the boxes and to take the dolls out.  Each and everyone of us in my family will join together in doing all these arrangements.

On the day of Ammavasai, my mom will draw a small rangoli under the steps and then the most important doll the marappachi bommai  (Doll made out of wood) is placed. It is for this reason the doll is given to the daughter when she gets married and goes to her husband’s house.  Followed by this other dolls are arranged.


What to arrange in each step

First step –  One sense creatures like plants, climbers, etc.,

Second step –  Two sense creatures like snail, conch.

Third step – Three sense creatures like ant, silverfish.

Fourth step –  Four sense creatures like Crab, Beetle.

Fifth Step –  Five sense animals and birds.

Sixth step – Six sense humans.

Seventh step – Rishis, Sidhdhars

Eighth step – Ashtadhik Balargal, Navagraha Athibathigal.

Ninth step – Brahma, Vishnu, Sivan.

The message of this is we humans should slowly attain the stage of Divine by being and doing good things.

Kuththu Vilakku decorated as Goddess..


Navarathri Pooja           

During all the nine days of Navarathri, in the morning, we perform pooja. We chant various slokhas and sing songs. Also we offer Sundal or payasam to God. Later this is given to the friends and relatives who will come for vethalai paaku. In the same way we will go to many houses to see the kolu and to get the vethalai paaku.  In recent days, along with the vethalai paaku, people give some gifts too. Finally at the end of the day Haarathi is done with turmeric powder and kumkum.

 On the ninth day, the books and musical instruments are arranged in front of the kolu. Pooja is performed and the food includes vadai and payasam. On the next day to glorify the victory of Durga Devi,  Vijayadasami is celebrated. On that day too pooja is performed and after deeparathanai, The elders will give the books to all the members in the family. Thus we celebrate Navarathri in our family.


       We buy dolls from many places and its a visual treat. I should also thank my mom & dad for teaching me and my brother many slokhas and songs. It helped me to chant one or the other each day. Also I thank my thatha for telling many stories whenever the power goes off and my Paati for giving me the confidence to do each and every thing boldly.

Nine days of Navarathri

Navarathri  Day 1 (17.10.20)

Devi : Maheswari
Flower :Malligai
Neivedhyam :Ven pongal
Thithi  : Pradhamai
Kolam :Draw rangoli by using dry rice flour
Raagam  : Thodi Raagam
Slokam   : Om swethavarnaayai  vidhmahe
soola hasthaayai dheemahi
thanno Maaheshwari Prachodayaath

Navarathri  Day 2 (18.10.20)

Devi: Kowmaari
Neivedhyam: Puliyodharai
Thithi: Dwitheeyai
Kolam:maavinal kolam . (Draw rangoli by using wet flour.)
Slokam: Om Siki vaahanaaya vidhmahe
Sakthi Hasthaayai Dheemahi
Thanno kowmaari Prachodayaath

Navarathri  Day 3 (19.10.20)

Devi: Vaaraahi
Neivedhyam: Sakkarai pongal
Kolam:malar  kolam poda vendum . (Draw rangoli by using flowers-pookolam.)
Slokam: Om Magishathvajaaya vidhmahe
Thanda Hasthaaya Dheemahi
Thanno Vaaraahi Prachodayaath

Navarathri  Day (20.10.20)

Devi:  Lakshmi
Flower: JaathiMalli
Neivedhyam:Kadhamba Saadham
Kolam:Atchadhai kondu padikattu pola kolamida vendum (Draw rangoli in shape of steps by using atchatai (mix of rice,turmeric,ghee.))
Slokam: Om Padma Vaasinyai cha Vidhmahe
Padmalochanee sa Dheemahi
Thanno Lakshmi prachodayaath

Navarathri  Day 5 (21.10.20)

Devi:  Vaishnavi
Flower: Paarijaatham & Mullai
Neivedhyam: Curd Rice
Thithi: panchami
Kolam: kadalai maavaal paravai kolam poda vendum (Draw a bird like rangoli by using Bengal gram flour.)
Raagam:panchamaavaranai  keerthanai paada vendum.bandhuvaraali
Slokam: Om Syaamavarnaayai  Vidhmahe
Chakra Hasthaayai Dheemahi
Thanno Vaishnavi Prachodayaath

Navarathri  Day 6 (22.10.20)

Devi : Indraani
Neivedhyam: Coconut rice
Kolam:kadalai maavinaal Devi naamathai kolamida vendum  (Write the name of the goddess  using Bengal gram flour.)
Slokam: Om Kajathvajaayai vidhmahe
Vajra Hasthaaya Dheemahi
Thanno Iyndree Prachodayaath

Navarathri  Day 7 (23.10.20)

Devi: Saraswathi
Flower:Malligai & mullai
Neivedhyam: Lemon rice
Kolam:Narumana malargalaal kolamida vendum (Draw rangoli by using  fragrant flowers-pookolam.)
Slokam: Om Vaakdevyai  vidhmahe
Vrinji pathnyai sa Dheemahi
Thanno Vaani Prachodayaath

Navarathri  Day 8 (24.10.20)

Devi: Durga
Neivedhyam: Paayasa annam
Kolam:padma kolam  (Draw traditional lotus shaped rangoli)
Slokam: Om Magisha mardhinyai vidhmahe
Durga devyai Dheemahi
Thanno Devi Prachodayaath

Navarathri  Day 9 (25.10.20)

Devi: Saamundaa
Neivedhyam: Akkaravadisal
Kolam:Vaasanai podigalal aayudham pola kola mida vendum (Draw weapon shaped rangoli  by using fragrant  powder.)
Raagam:vasantha raagam
Slokam: Om Krishna varnaayai vidhmahe
Soola Hasthaayai Dheemahi
Thanno Saamundaa Prachodayaath

Vijaya dasami (26.10.20)

Devi: Vijaya
Flower: Malligai,Roja
Neivedhyam: sakkarai pongal, sweets
Thithi: dasami
Slokam: Om Vijayaa devyai  vidhmahe
Mahaa Nithyaayai Dheemahi
Thanno Devi Prachoday

Happy Dussehra!!!!

Link For Neivedhyam recipes

  1. Pachai pattani Sundal
  2. Vellai Kondakadalai Sundal
  3. Sweet Ragi puttu
  4. Chadha chadhayam
  5. Paal payasam
  6. Arisi thengai payasam
  7. Jaggery rice/Sweet rice
  8. Sakkarai Pongal
  9. Sabudhana Kichdi
  10. Sabudhana Vada
  11. Paanagam

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